Diabetic Nephropathy is one of the complications of diabetes mellitus. Many diabetic patients are worried about their own kidney problems because diabetes has a great impact on kidney function. So what kinds of accurate figures should be known by diabetic nephropathy?
1. Control high blood sugar.
From the onset of diabetes, we should actively control hyperglycemia, and we must strictly meet the standards. The more ideal blood glucose control, the lower the chance of diabetic nephropathy. Standard: fasting blood glucose < 6.1 millimol / liter, postprandial blood glucose < 8.0 millimol / liter, glycosylated hemoglobin < 6.5%.
2. Control hypertension.
Active control of hypertension and strict compliance with standards. Salt less diet, proper exercise, and positive calcium supplement. Those with high blood pressure should insist on taking antihypertensive drugs under the guidance of doctors. The blood pressure was controlled at < 130/80 mm Hg column, urinary protein > 1.0 g/d and blood pressure was controlled at < 125/75 mm Hg column.
3. Control high blood fat.
Low density lipoprotein and high cholesterol are all risk factors for proteinuria. Therefore, people with dyslipidemia should also be given lipid-lowering therapy. Achievement: Total cholesterol < 4.5 mL/L, LDL < 2.6 mL/L, HDL > 1.1 mL/L, triglyceride < 1.5 mL/L.
4. Regular physical examination.
Diabetic nephropathy is a silent killer with no symptoms at the early stage. Therefore, regular physical examination must be carried out, especially microalbuminuria.
5. Drug therapy.
In the event of microalbuminuria, patients with or without hypertension should take ACEI or angiotensin receptor blockers under the guidance of a doctor. It not only reduces blood pressure, but also reduces urinary albumin and delays the progression of kidney damage.
In China, most of patients take chinese medicine to treat diabetic nephropathy, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can expand blood vessels, improve blood circulations, promote the metabolism, improve kidney functions and rebuild kidney structures, which can treat diabetic nephropathy well.
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