When nephropathy patients are affected by unfavorable factors such as urinary protein, nephrotoxic substances, vascular and visceral lesions, nephropathy will aggravate, and in serious cases can cause renal failure, or even what risks.
Today, we will introduce the critical situation that nephropathy patients may encounter. If you encounter the following symptoms, you should see a doctor in time.
There are two reasons for the aggravation of edema in nephrotic patients: one is the increase of urinary protein, which often occurs in patients with nephrotic syndrome (including membranous nephropathy and minimal change nephropathy), lupus nephritis and diabetic nephropathy; the other is the aggravation of inflammatory cell infiltration and retention of water and sodium in the kidney, which often occurs in patients with chronic nephritis and acute glomerulonephritis.
Urine volume reduction is more common in patients with aggravated nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure, but also in patients with acute glomerulonephritis, timely treatment can improve.
Rare in patients with crescent nephritis (rapid nephritis), more difficult to treat. Often there is no external inducement, we should carefully examine the diagnosis.
Sudden elevation of blood pressure is a sign of deterioration of nephropathy, especially when high pressure (systolic pressure) exceeds 200 mmHg and/or low pressure (diastolic pressure) exceeds 130 mmHg, it is very easy to induce acute renal failure. Kidney friends are advised to use electronic sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure at home once a day.
Including sore throat, runny nose and other cold symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms of digestive tract infection, as well as urinary tract infection symptoms such as frequency, urgency.
Ordinary viral colds have fever in more than 24-48 hours. If fever lasts for more than 48 hours, it is likely to be accompanied by more serious infections. It is necessary to seek medical treatment as soon as possible.
Thrombosis or embolism is the most serious complication of nephrotic syndrome.
Lower extremity venous thrombosis can cause lower extremity pain and asymmetric edema of both lower extremities; Renal venous thrombosis can cause low back pain; the most dangerous is pulmonary embolism and cerebral embolism, with headache, dizziness, chest pain and chest tightness and other symptoms, which are life-threatening.
For many years, patients with diabetes mellitus, long-term hypertension or chronic renal failure (including uremia) in the middle and late stages (including uremia), if asthma occurs after mild activity or even during rest, they can not lie on their back, suggesting that patients with cardiac insufficiency need to go to the hospital immediately.
Although nephropathy/uremia does not kill people, it can only be done in a timely and standardized manner. Kidney disease patients should pay attention to the above symptoms after discharging from hospital, and contact the doctor for diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.
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